Use the GetObject
function to access an Automation object from a file and assign the object to an object variable. Use the Set
statement to assign the object returned by GetObject
to the object variable.
Set CADObject = GetObject("C:\CAD\SCHEMA.CAD")
When this script is executed, the application associated with the specified pathname is started and the object in the specified file is activated. If PathName
is a empty string (""), then GetObject
returns a new object instance of the specified type. If the pathname argument is omitted, then function returns a currently active object of the specified type. If object of the specified type doesn't exist, then an error occurs.
Some applications allow you to activate part of a file. Add an exclamation point (!) to the end of the file name and follow it with a string that identifies the part of the file you want to activate. For information on how to create this string, see the documentation for the application that created the object.
For example, in a drawing application you might have multiple layers to a drawing stored in a file. You could use the following script to activate a layer within a drawing called SCHEMA.CAD:
Set LayerObject = GetObject("C:\CAD\SCHEMA.CAD!Layer3")
If you don't specify the object's class, then Automation determines the application to start and the object to activate, based on the file name you provide. Some files, however, may support more than one class of object. For example, a drawing might support three different types of objects: an Application
object, a Drawing
object, and a Toolbar
object, all of which are part of the same file. To specify which object in a file you want to activate, use the optional Class
Set oObject = GetObject("C:\DRAWINGS\SAMPLE.DRW", "FIGMENT.DRAWING")
In the preceding example, FIGMENT is the name of a drawing application and DRAWING is one of the object types it supports. Once an object is activated, you reference it in script using the object variable you defined. In the preceding example, you access properties and methods of the new object using the object variable oObject.
oObject.Line 9, 90
oObject.InsertText 9, 100, "Hello, world."
Use the function if there is a current instance of the object or if you want to create the object with a file already loaded. If there is no current instance, and you don't want the object started with a file loaded, then use the CreateObject
If an object has registered itself as a single-instance object, then only one instance of the object is created, no matter how many times CreateObject function is executed. With a single-instance object, GetObject always returns the same instance if called with the zero-length string ("") syntax, and it causes an error if the pathname argument is omitted.