) is a communication standard which is developed in the co-operation of University Padeborn and Texas Instruments company (Germany).
M-BUS is determined for applications of the data collection from consumption meters of various types (for example, drinking and commercial water, gas, heat, electric energy).
With regard to relatively narrow and specialized application area, special requirements are required on M-BUS. It must ensure the connectivity of high number of devices (ordinarily a few sets) to the distance of a few kilometers. The data transfer must be resistant to errors on a high level. On the other hand, the typical feature of the application is reading the measured values not too often with low requirements to responses in the real time - communication rate is only from 300 to 9600 Bd.
Examples of concrete meters
ULTRAHEAT from Landis company, F4 from SVM company, MULTICAL from Kamstrup company, INFOCAL from Danfoss company, Actaris (former Schlumberger), EESA, SuperCal, SonoGyr, Calmex, Schninzell, Glorices, Spanner-Polux etc.
M-BUS HW converter
Meters communicate by the M-BUS
protocol over the special physical interface (36V) and that's why the HW converter from M-BUS
is needed. For example, the following converters were tested:
- JC Elektronika
converters (Slovakia, http://www.prevodniky.sk
This company provides various types of M-Bus converters and overvoltage protection devices for M-Bus networks. The scale of devices varies from simple connectifity of three devices up to 190 M-Bus devices.
- Serial converters RS485, RS232 and USB to M-Bus.
- M-Bus link repeaters.
- Intelligent Ethernet M-Bus
Ethernet converter in Smart M-Bus mode works as M-Bus server. It communicates independently with M-Bus meters, processes the data and stores the data in its own memory. The measured data is then available in following formats:
- web table
- xml, xml(REST) and csv export
- M-Bus protokol communication
- e-mail with attached xml, csv exports
- saving exports to FTP server
In the default mode, the Ethernet converter works as transparent gateway for transmitting M-Bus messages by Ethernet protocols TCP or UDP in both server or client modes.
- Converter DM-MB2ET
) by the AMiT
company (Czechia, https://amitomation.cz
- The Ethernet-client parameters
can be modified via the Web interface in the converter. The default values are: Network address=192.168.0.1, TCP/UDP port number=2000, Ethernet transfer type=TCP
- It is necessary to set the "Direct" mode, i.e. the transparent character transfer between M-BUS and Ethernet without modification.
- Converter SLC-31/32
) from the Elsaco
company (Czechia, http://www.elsaco.cz
- Returns ECHO chars
- Max. number of slave modules: 3 (or 20 if there is an external power supply)
- Converter AD-01
) of the Westermo
company (Sweden) (http://www.westermo.com
- Max. number of slave modules: 120
- If meters with different data rate are used, then the converter can be set to autobaud mode.
- Converter PiiGAB M-Bus 810
) by the PiiGAB
company (Sweden) (http://www.piigab.se
- Has 4 ports for M-BUS
- Converter (M-BUS/RS232
) by the Polish Control
- Max. number of slave modules: 10, 60 or 400. The M-Bus Master 400 type is used for power supply and signal conversion in networks with more than 255 devices, or devices that extremely stress the network.
- All converters allow transfer speeds in the range from 300 to 19200 baud.
- There is no fault to use any other converter.
PROMOTIC communication driver PmMBus:
The most suitable solution for the M-BUS
communication in the PROMOTIC application, is represented by using the PROMOTIC driver:
PmMBus - Driver for communication by the M-BUS protocol
This driver is designed for communication via the computer's serial port
or via Ethernet
and configured on a very general level
. It enables reading current values, history, maxima, etc. It is already configured for some types of concrete meters but it enables also to set up the message on a general level, namely both on the level of standard incomming messages and even on the byte level of the M-BUS