This chapter contains information about computer network maintainance and configuration. We welcome all suggestions for refining a replenishing of this topic.
OS Windows network tools
The software utilities listed below are always contained in OS Windows
and can be launched, for example, from the command prompt. If launched without any parameter, or with /?
parameter, then the optional help is displayed.
>ipconfig /all ... IP protocols and Ethernet adapters configuration overview.
>route print ... Displays and processes network routing tables
>arp -a ... Displays and configures IP to MAC (physical) adress translation table. This table is used by the ARP protocol.
>tracert www.google.com ... Reports detailed information regarding the specific points on the path to the network target.
>netstat ... Displays current network connections and TCP/IP statistics.
There is a text file hosts (without extension) in /Windows/system32/drivers/etc/ folder. This file contains IP address mapping to host names. There is a possible of specify names for IP address manually. In this file there is always a row:
The universal adress 127.0.0.1
always specifies this current computer. This address can also be replaced by the word localhost
. It is useful to edit this file manualy if you have the IP adress (e.g. 220.127.116.11
) of another computer that has no name in the current network. If the following row is entered into this file, then the computer can be adressed by name (e.g. promotic2
Connection Limit - open connections limit
The open connections limit was introduced
into OS Windows XP sp2
and 2003 sp1a
and then cancelled
in OS Windows Vista sp2
and higher. The following text is relevant for OS Windows
with active connection limitation.
It limits the open connection requests number to 10
, in order to protect your system from malware
) infiltration and spreading all around the network.
If you want to check whether your system has reached such connection limit, take a look in OS Windows
event viewer. (hit start->run
and enter Eventvwr.msc
). Click the System
entry, take a look at the EventID
column. If the number 4226
is being displayed, then your system has reached the connections limit.
This connection limit may prevent the PROMOTIC system from proper function. For example if you communicate simultaneously with ten or more PLCs via Ethernet (see Type of communication and data sharing in PROMOTIC application
) then the connection limit is reached.
2. you can solve this problem by using a software utility for increasing the number of simultaneous connections (e.g. from 10 to 50). This kind of software is available on the Internet, for example:
- and others.